Knot tying is not just line to hook, it is also tying line to line. And when it's called for, you need a really good knot. Line joining knots tend to be popular fly fishing knots as well as critical in situations like when you have a reliable rig on 15-pound test line and you want to attach it to the 20-pound test line on your reel without having to retie the whole rig). The below knots are tested and reliable for joining two pieces of fishing line.
Surgeon's knots are popular fly fishing knots. Compared to the surgeon’s knot, It adds an extra twist when tying the first throw, forming a double overhand knot, thus adding friction which makes the knot more secure.
This knot makes it easy to join two lines, but one line must be short, since you have to bring the one end through the formed overhand loop. As with other lines, use a lot of overlapping line so that you can pull on all four ends to make it properly tight. Work with both lines together as you tie this, and make sure both loops are the same size to assure a strong knot. Follow these instructions to learn to tie:
A double uni-knot is two fishing knots tied back to back, then placed together to form a strong connection. Leave plenty of line at the end of the knot on each piece of line you're joining. The ends help pull the two knots into one. These line joining knots are great for attaching leader to your main line and works whether or not the lines are the same (braid to monofilament, or braid to fluorocarbon leader)
Double uni-knot requires you to tie a uni knot with each of the two lines, with the knots facing opposite directions.
Albright knots are popular for tying together two lines of unequal diameter and are popular fly fishing knots. A situation when you may use this knot tying technique is when you have to tie the 15-pound test line on your rig to the 20-pound test you currently have on your reel spool or when tying monofilament backing to a fly line.
A blood knot (or barrel knot) is two back to back clinch knots and is most used for joining sections of monofilament nylon line of similar weight while maintaining a high portion of the line's inherent strength. Other line joining knots used for this purpose can cause a substantial loss of strength. The principal drawback to the blood knot is the dexterity required to tie it.
In fly fishing, this serves to build a leader of gradually decreasing diameter with an easily cast fly line attached at the large diameter end and the fly or hook at the small diameter end.
Once you have conquered knot tying, try your hand at traditional casting or fly casting.
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